The Use of Treadmills in Pre-Industrial Times:


Treadmills are everywhere – in commercial gyms, households, community fitness centres etc. It is a feat of engineering, designed for walking or running while staying at the same place. Interestingly, the technology was around for quite some time until humans decided to use it for physical training purposes. Some of the traditional treadmills still exist in the remote parts of the world where technology is yet to arrive. They are still used for irrigational purposes, in mills in these places. These days, treadmills are used basically to maintain fitness. It comes with a wide conveyor belt powered by an electric motor or a flywheel. Let’s have a look at how these machines came to be how they are now.

Use in Ancient Egypt & Rome:

The land of Egypt is filled with marvellous and gigantic pyramids, which are counted under the Ancient Wonders of the World. Each stone, that was piled upon one another at certain intervals, weighed tons and were transported from 800kms.

Here we can see one of the earliest application of the treadmill like technology. At this point in history, there seemed to be the existence of two types of tread wheels. The vertical treadwheel was used to grind grains, while the horizontal wheel was used for irrigation, grinding or pulling weights.

The Romans, too, used the ancient treadwheel for construction purposes (Polyspaston Crane & Magna Rola), wherein a wide diameter wheel attached to a mechanism, which was operated by 2 people and pulled stones from the ground.

They were widely used in the Middle Ages for lifting stones to create Gothic Cathedrals, as well.

From the design perspective, the earliest treadmill had a horizontal bar jutting out of a vertical shaft and was moved around by an ox or some other animal. Another design was where the treadmill was powered by climbing on it. It is similar to the modern-day hamster wheels. There was the third design as well, which used a moving sloped platform. This is the actual ancestor of a modern-day treadmill.

Use in the 1800s:

Treadmills, in the 1800s, were used in prisons for people sentenced to hard labour. Punishment treadmills were installed by Sir Williams Cubitt, sensing the prisoners’ idleness and using their manpower to be used in productive work.

The treadmill felt like walking an endless pair of steps supported by a horizontal handrail. Another form was designed where the prisoners had to walk on a wheel, which was further attached to mechanisms for grinding grain, pulling water etc.

The prisoners would climb a vertical height equivalent to 7200 feet. Many prisoners would die in exhaustion combined with a poor diet. Some jail wardens credited the device for taming more defiant inmates. It was banned in 1902 by the British Government, for the device was way too cruel.

Modern Age:

From farm and construction sites, the treadmill first paved its road to households in the 1900s. It was developed by an engineer, William Staub. His prototype was called Pacemaker 600. And from there on, further developments were made to mechanize the treadmill. And now, we have a whole industry dedicated to fitness by using the treadmill. It has also become one of the highest-selling devices in the industry.


It is astonishing to see that a simple treadwheel can be transformed into a complex device like a treadmill. One can hardly imagine life without it. Life has been made easier using a treadmill within the comfort of four walls. But on the other side, the treadwheel is energy efficient and can be further used in the future for renewable energy options. The windmills are a perfect example of that. The future generations can take a note and work on furthering the idea.…

RW500 Rower- Review


Would you like to invest your money in a fitness machine that can target 85% of the muscles in your body within the comfort of your house? Presenting you with the RW500 Rower, that will take exercising to a whole new level. It is one of the top-selling rowers and for good reason.

Top 5 Specs:

  • This sleek machine has Silent Magnetic Resistance (SMR), which means that magnetic resistance is created without any friction to the flywheel. This causes less wear on the system. This increases its durability.
  • The 26 preset Digital Resistance Levels gives you an option to choose according to your requirements. Also, 30 preset rowing programs are in-built and can be used without Wifi.

  • It comes with a 5-inch display which is bright and easy to use. You can sync with iFit and the metrics will show up on the tablet. The metrics include Current 500m Split/Average 500m split, calories burnt per hour, strokes per minute, time and distance covered.
  • Its Space saver design makes it compact to store after the workout session as it folds up. The front-mounted wheels underneath help in moving of the machine so that the living space is not crowded.
  • You can sync your phone via Bluetooth or through Aux cables to play music while you row away.

Other Specifications:

Seating, Pedals & Handle:

It has a steel track with soft moulded seat and ergonomic pedals with nylon straps. The track is long and the seat glides smoothly, without any friction.

The pedals have moulded plastic overlay that covers a solid surface underneath. This provides foot support while allowing for some flex side to side to reduce tension in the ankles and feet. The maximum seating capacity is 250lbs.

The handle is cushioned for a comfortable yet tight grip that allows for longer rowing sessions with cramps or fatigue.

The machine can be assembled by one person, the major attachments being the seat and the monitor.


The flywheel is inertia enhanced which provides for a smooth stroke. Every time you pull, the recovery is also gentle as the flywheel evenly pulls the handle back to the original position. The user experiences no jerks on the way.

A little bit of noise is created when air moves through the fan, but this is the case with all rowers in the market. To make less noise you can adjust the flow of air resistance.

Bonus Content:

The 10-inch Portal 10i Tablet that comes with 1-year iFit Membership, where the user can enjoy numerous videos of rowing classes and outdoor routes curated by world-class trainers. This membership is not only restricted to rowing but also provides other pieces of training like yoga and kick-boxing. It also provides tracking and sharing options, food and sleep recommendations as well.

The first year is free. This gives the user an edge to assess the content of the videos, before committing to a subscription.


It comes with a 10-year frame warranty, 2-year parts warranty, and 1-year labour warranty, which proves its commitment to serve the customers better.


Rowing can be a fruitful all body workout if one knows the right product to purchase and if one is willing to pay a particular amount for getting all the benefits right at home. The RW500 comes as a great deal package if you go through its specifications. It’s you who has to decide whether you want more of a residential rowing machine with multiple features for losing weight, burning calories and curbing the extra flabs, or a serious rower for commercial use.…




When you look for an exercise bike, there are tons of options and alternatives in the market, however, there are two most widely known when looking for an equipped bike, namely, NordicTrack S22i and the Peloton.

Before getting into which one is a better purchase for you, let’s go through the features of the two:



  1. FOOTPRINT: 55 inches long and 21.9 inches wide.
  2. FRAME:  Steel
  3. RESISTANCE: 24- step digitally-controlled magnetic resistance system
  5. CONSOLE FEATURES:22 inches high definition touch screen
  6. Interactive classes via iFit
  7. Build-in speakers
  8. Fan available
  9. Google map features with Route availability



  1. FOOTPRINT: 48 inches long and 24 inches wide.
  2. FRAME: Steel
  3. RESISTANCE: Manually controlled magnetic resistance system
  6. 22 inches high definition touch screen
  7. Interactive trainer-led classes
  8. Bluetooth availability
  9. Build-in speakers




  • The footprints of both the bikes are quite similar in structure and width.
  • The frame of NordicTrack s22i and Peloton are both made up of high-quality steel, so both are very sturdy in that aspect.
  • The resistance systems of NordicTrack s22i and Peloton are once again very similar to each other, both use very strong magnets that move towards and away from a metal flywheel for pedaling.
  • Both NordicTrack s22i and Peloton have high definition displays and quality speakers.
  • NordicTrack s22i and Peloton are equipped with virtual instructors.


  • While the Footprints, frame, and Resistance System of the s22i and Peloton are the same, how the adjustments take place between these two is the main difference:

In NordicTrack s22i there is a 24-step digital controller that adjusts when you press buttons on the handlebars or via the touch screen.


It also includes the Incline feature which allows 20% incline and 10% decline.

In Peloton, the physical knob on the frame of the bike adjusts the resistance by rotating them and the magnets move with the flywheel.

It does not include the incline feature.

  • The key difference between NordicTrack s22i and Peloton is their consoles,

While in NordicTrack s22i the resistance and incline settings of the bike are controlled by the trainer digitally.

As far as Peloton is considered the adjustments are manual, in addition to which effective training classes are available all day long at any time of the year, although they are not free.

  • NordicTrack s22i has an amazing feature of Google Maps that allows you to have a bike ride to any of your desired destinations, not only this, but the bike will also alter the elevation and resistance for you to enjoy the sceneries in your way.
  • The NordicTrack s22i has a rotating console that provides a means for users to continue their other workout by getting off the bike.

While the Peloton bike lacks the same.


From the above, one might think of opting NordicTrack s22i but the Peloton also has a huge fan base for their training classes that tend to make you ignore all the shortcomings and are worth paying for.

However, it’s difficult to ignore the exciting features of the NordicTrack s22i.

Whichever bike you invest in will be useful in contributing to your workout experience.…